新葡新京app

浠婂ぉ鏄細2021骞10鏈21鏃ユ槦鏈熷洓 鍔犲叆鏀惰棌 | 缃戜笂涓炬姤 | 涓炬姤鏌ヨ | oa绯荤粺
琛屼笟鍔ㄦ
BIM鎶鏈湪鎴戝浗鐨勭爺鍙戝強搴旂敤
鍙戝竷鏃堕棿:2021/3/8 0:00:00 鏉ユ簮:鏈珯 娴忚娆℃暟:8182娆
      寤虹瓚淇℃伅妯″瀷BIM(Building Information Model)灏嗘暟瀛楁妧鏈洿鎺ュ簲鐢ㄤ簬寤虹瓚宸ョ▼涓紝姝e湪寮曞彂寤虹瓚琛屼笟涓娆″彶鏃犲墠渚嬬殑鍙橀潻銆
BIM鏄繎骞存潵鍦ㄨ绠楁満杈呭姪寤虹瓚璁捐棰嗗煙鍑虹幇鐨勬柊鎶鏈紝瀹冩槸浠ュ缓绛戝伐绋嬮」鐩殑鍚勯」鐩稿叧淇℃伅鏁版嵁浣滀负妯″瀷鐨勫熀纭寤虹珛瀹屾暣鐨勩侀珮搴﹂泦鎴愮殑寤虹瓚宸ョ▼椤圭洰淇℃伅鍖栨ā鍨嬶紝浠庤屽湪寤虹瓚宸ョ▼璁捐銆佹柦宸ュ強绠$悊绛夋暣涓敓鍛藉懆鏈熷唴锛屾彁楂樺缓绛戝伐绋嬬殑淇℃伅鍖栥侀泦鎴愬寲绋嬪害銆侭IM鎶鏈湪2002骞寸敱Autodesk鍏徃鐜囧厛鎻愬嚭锛屽苟閫愭笎寰楀埌涓栫晫寤虹瓚琛屼笟鐨勬櫘閬嶆帴鍙椼傚浠婏紝BIM鐨勫彂灞曟疆娴佸凡鍔夸笉鍙尅锛岀編鍥藉凡缁忓埗瀹氫簡鍥藉BIM鏍囧噯鈥斺擭BIMS銆傛娲蹭竴浜涘浗瀹跺凡缁忓紑濮嬫櫘鍙夿IM鎶鏈紝鐗瑰埆鏄姮鍏般佹尓濞併佸痉鍥界瓑鍥斤紝鍩轰簬BIM鎶鏈簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁殑鏅強鐜囧凡杈60%锝70%銆
鍦ㄥ浗鍐咃紝闅忕潃寤虹瓚涓氬淇℃伅鍖栬姹傜殑涓嶆柇鎻愰珮銆佸浗瀹剁鐮旀姇鍏ヤ笉鏂澶氬強澶у姏鎺ㄥ姩鍜屽熀浜嶣IM鎶鏈殑杞欢寮鍙戝晢瀹d紶涓嬶紝鐩稿叧鏈烘瀯鍜屽悇涓儴闂ㄥ凡缁忓紑濮嬬潃鎵嬬爺绌跺拰搴旂敤BIM鎶鏈備絾鏄洰鍓嶅BIM鎶鏈殑鐮旂┒鍜屽簲鐢ㄤ篃浠呬粎澶勪簬璧锋闃舵锛屽悇鐮旂┒鏈烘瀯瀵笲IM鎶鏈殑鐮旂┒鐩稿鍒嗘暎锛屽苟娌℃湁褰㈡垚涓濂楀畬鏁寸殑鎶鏈綋绯伙紱鍚勪紒涓氬崟浣嶄篃鍙槸灏咮IM鎶鏈簲鐢ㄥ埌鏌愪竴涓垨鏌愬嚑涓缓璁鹃」鐩殑閮ㄥ垎寤鸿杩囩▼涓紝杩樹笉鑳藉湪寤虹瓚璁捐銆佹柦宸ョ鐞嗗強杩愯惀绛夋暣涓敓鍛藉懆鏈熻繛缁簲鐢˙IM鎶鏈
閽堝鐩墠鎯呭喌锛屾湁蹇呰鎬荤粨鎴戝浗绉戠爺鏈烘瀯瀵笲IM鎶鏈殑鐮旂┒鍜屽缓绛戣涓氬BIM鎶鏈殑搴旂敤鐜扮姸锛屽湪姝ゅ熀纭涓婃彁鍑烘垜鍥芥帹骞夸娇鐢˙IM鎶鏈繃绋嬩腑搴旀敞鎰忕殑闂鍙婂缓璁紝涓築IM鎶鏈湪鎴戝浗缁х画鎺ㄨ繘鍜屾洿娣卞叆鐨勫簲鐢ㄦ彁渚涘弬鑰冦
BIM鎶鏈湪鎴戝浗鐨勬帹骞垮簲鐢
鍥藉鏀垮簻閮ㄩ棬鎺ㄥ姩BIM鎶鏈殑鍙戝睍搴旂敤鈥斺斺滃崄浜斺濇湡闂寸鎶鏀诲叧璁″垝鐨勭爺绌惰棰樷滃熀浜嶪FC鍥介檯鏍囧噯鐨勫缓绛戝伐绋嬪簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁爺绌垛濋噸鐐瑰湪瀵笲IM鏁版嵁鏍囧噯IFC鍜屽簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁殑鐮旂┒涓婏紝骞跺紑鍙戜簡鍩轰簬IFC鐨勭粨鏋勮璁″拰鏂藉伐绠$悊杞欢銆傗滃崄涓浜斺濇湡闂达紝绉戞妧閮ㄥ埗瀹氬浗瀹剁鎶鏀拺璁″垝閲嶇偣椤圭洰銆婂缓绛戜笟淇℃伅鍖栧叧閿妧鏈爺绌朵笌搴旂敤銆嬶紱鍩轰簬椤圭洰鐨勬讳綋鐩爣锛岄噸鐐瑰紑灞曚互涓5涓柟闈㈢殑鐮旂┒涓庡紑鍙戝伐浣滐細寤虹瓚涓氫俊鎭寲鏍囧噯浣撶郴鍙婂叧閿爣鍑嗙爺绌讹紱鍩轰簬BIM鎶鏈殑涓嬩竴浠e缓绛戝伐绋嬪簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁爺绌讹紱鍕樺療璁捐浼佷笟淇℃伅鍖栧叧閿妧鏈爺绌朵笌搴旂敤锛涘缓绛戝伐绋嬭璁′笌鏂藉伐杩囩▼淇℃伅鍖栧叧閿妧鏈爺绌朵笌搴旂敤锛涘缓绛戞柦宸ヤ紒涓氱鐞嗕俊鎭寲鍏抽敭鎶鏈爺绌朵笌搴旂敤銆
2012骞达紝浣忔埧鍜屽煄涔″缓璁鹃儴鍗板彂銆2011锝2015骞村缓绛戜笟淇℃伅鍙戝睍绾茶銆嬫彁鍑猴紝鈥滃崄浜屼簲鈥濇湡闂达紝鏅強寤虹瓚浼佷笟淇℃伅绯荤粺鐨勫簲鐢紝鍔犲揩寤鸿淇℃伅鍖栨爣鍑嗭紝鍔犲揩鎺ㄨ繘BIM銆佸熀浜庣綉缁滅殑鍗忓悓宸ヤ綔绛夋柊鎶鏈殑鐮斿彂锛屼績杩涘叿鏈夎嚜涓荤煡璇嗕骇鏉冭蒋浠剁殑鐮旂┒骞跺皢鍏朵骇涓氬寲锛屼娇鎴戝浗寤虹瓚浼佷笟瀵逛俊鎭妧鏈殑搴旂敤杈惧埌鍥介檯鍏堣繘姘村钩銆
2012骞3鏈28鏃ワ紝涓浗BIM鍙戝睍鑱旂洘鎴愮珛浼氳鍦ㄥ寳浜彫寮銆備腑鍥紹IM鍙戝睍鑱旂洘鏃ㄥ湪鎺ㄨ繘鎴戝浗BIM鎶鏈佹爣鍑嗗拰杞欢鍗忚皟閰嶅鍙戝睍锛屽疄鐜版妧鏈垚鏋滅殑鏍囧噯鍖栧拰浜т笟鍖栵紝鎻愰珮浼佷笟鏍稿績绔炰簤鍔涳紝骞跺姫鍔涗负涓浗BIM鐨勫簲鐢ㄦ彁渚涙敮鎾戝钩鍙般
2012骞6鏈29鏃ワ紝鐢变腑鍥紹IM(寤虹瓚淇℃伅妯″瀷)鍙戝睍鑱旂洘銆佸浗瀹舵爣鍑嗐婂缓绛戝伐绋嬩俊鎭ā鍨嬪簲鐢ㄧ粺涓鏍囧噯銆嬬紪鍒剁粍鍏卞悓缁勭粐銆佷腑鍥藉缓绛戠瀛︾爺绌堕櫌涓诲姙鐨勪腑鍥紹IM鏍囧噯鐮旂┒椤圭洰鍙戝竷鏆ㄧ绾︿細璁湪鍖椾含闅嗛噸鍙紑銆備腑鍥紹IM鏍囧噯鏍囧噯鐮旂┒椤圭洰瀹炴柦璁″垝灏嗕负鐢变綇鎴垮煄涔″缓璁鹃儴鎵瑰噯绔嬮」鐨勫浗瀹舵爣鍑嗐婂缓绛戝伐绋嬩俊鎭ā鍨嬪簲鐢ㄧ粺涓鏍囧噯銆(NBIMS-CHN)鐨勬渶鍚庡埗瀹氬拰鏂借鎵撲笅鍧氬疄鐨勫熀纭銆
绉戠爺鏈烘瀯銆佽涓氬崗浼氱瓑鎺ㄥ姩BIM鎶鏈殑鍙戝睍搴旂敤鈥斺2004骞达紝涓浗棣栦釜寤虹瓚鐢熷懡鍛ㄦ湡绠$悊(BLM)瀹為獙瀹ゅ湪鍝堝皵婊ㄥ伐涓氬ぇ瀛︽垚绔嬶紝骞跺彫寮BLM鍥介檯璁哄潧浼氳銆傛竻鍗庡ぇ瀛︺佸悓娴庡ぇ瀛︺佸崕鍗楃悊宸ュぇ瀛﹀湪2004锝2005骞撮棿鍏堝悗鎴愮珛BLM瀹為獙瀹ゅ強BIM璇鹃缁勶紝BLM姝f槸BIM鎶鏈殑涓涓簲鐢ㄩ鍩熴傚浗鍐呭厛杩涚殑寤虹瓚璁捐鍥㈤槦鍜屾埧鍦颁骇鍏徃涔熺悍绾锋垚绔婤IM鎶鏈爺绌舵満鏋勶紝濡傛竻鍗庡ぇ瀛﹀缓绛戣璁$爺绌堕櫌銆佷腑鍥藉缓绛戣璁$爺绌堕櫌銆佷腑鍥藉缓绛戠瀛︾爺绌堕櫌銆佷腑寤哄浗闄呭缓璁炬湁闄愬叕鍙搞佷笂娴风幇浠e缓绛戣璁¢泦鍥㈢瓑銆2008骞达紝涓浗BIM闂ㄦ埛鎴愮珛锛岃缃戠珯浠モ滄帹鍔ㄥ彂灞曚互BIM涓烘牳蹇冪殑涓浗鍦熸湪寤虹瓚宸ョ▼淇℃伅鍖栦簨涓氣濅负瀹楁棬锛屾槸涓涓负BIM鎶鏈殑鐮斿彂鑰呫佸簲鐢ㄨ呮彁渚涗俊鎭祫璁佸彂灞曞姩鎬併佷笓涓氳祫鏂欍佹妧鏈蒋浠朵互鍙婁氦娴佹矡閫氱殑骞冲彴銆2010骞1鏈堬紝娆х壒鍏嬫湁闄愬叕鍙(鈥滄鐗瑰厠鈥濇垨鈥淎utodesk鈥)涓庝腑鍥藉嫎瀵熻璁″崗浼氬叡鍚屼妇鍔炰簡棣栧眾鈥滃垱鏂版澂鈥滲IM璁捐澶ц禌锛屾帹鍔ㄥ缓绛戣涓氭洿骞挎硾銆佹繁鍏ュ湴鍙備笌搴旂敤BIM鎶鏈2011骞达紝鍗庝腑绉戞妧澶у鎴愮珛BIM宸ョ▼涓績锛屾垚涓洪涓敱楂樻牎鐗靛ご鎴愮珛鐨勪笓闂ㄤ粠浜婤IM鐮旂┒鍜屼笓涓氭湇鍔″挩璇㈢殑鏈烘瀯銆2012骞5鏈堬紝鍏ㄥ浗BIM鎶鑳界瓑绾ц冭瘎宸ヤ綔鎸囧濮斿憳浼氭垚绔嬪ぇ浼氬湪鍖椾含鍙嬭皧瀹鹃涓惧姙锛屼細璁鍙戜簡鈥滃叏鍥紹IM鎶鑳界瓑绾ц冭瘎宸ヤ綔鎸囧濮斿憳浼氣濆鍛樿仒涔︺2012骞10鏈堬紝鐢盧EVIT涓浗鐢ㄦ埛灏忕粍(Revit China User Group)涓诲姙锛屽叏鐞冧簩缁村拰涓夌淮璁捐銆佸伐绋嬪強濞变箰杞欢鐨勯瀵艰呮鐗瑰厠鏈夐檺鍏徃鏀寔锛屽缓绛戜笟鏉冨▉濯掍綋绛戦緳缃戞壙鍔炵殑棣栧眾鈥滈洉榫欐澂鈥漅evit涓浗鐢ㄦ埛BIM搴旂敤澶ц禌鍦嗘弧钀藉箷銆傝璧涗簨浠evit鐢ㄦ埛涓哄熀纭锛岄拡瀵瑰箍澶IM鐖卞ソ鑰呫佺爺绌惰呬互鍙婂伐绋嬩笓瀹跺湪椤圭洰瀹炴柦銆佽蒋浠跺簲鐢ㄥ績寰楀拰缁忛獙绛夋柟闈㈠唴瀹硅屼妇鍔炪
琛屼笟闇姹傛帹鍔˙IM鎶鏈殑鍙戝睍搴旂敤鈥斺旂洰鍓嶏紝鎴戝浗姝e湪杩涜鐫涓栫晫涓婃渶澶ц妯$殑鍩虹璁炬柦寤鸿锛屽伐绋嬬粨鏋勫舰寮忔剤鍔犲鏉傘佽秴澶у瀷宸ョ▼椤圭洰灞傚嚭涓嶇┓锛屼娇椤圭洰鍚勫弬涓庢柟閮介潰涓寸潃宸ㄥぇ鐨勬姇璧勯闄┿佹妧鏈闄╁拰绠$悊椋庨櫓銆備负浠庢牴鏈笂瑙e喅寤虹瓚鐢熷懡鏈熷悇闃舵鍜屽悇涓撲笟绯荤粺闂翠俊鎭柇灞傞棶棰橈紝搴旂敤BIM鎶鏈紝浠庤璁°佹柦宸ュ埌寤虹瓚鍏ㄧ敓鍛芥湡绠$悊鍏ㄩ潰鎻愰珮淇℃伅鍖栨按骞冲拰搴旂敤鏁堟灉锛屽浗瀹朵綋鑲插満銆侀潚宀涙捣婀惧ぇ妗ャ佸箍宸炶タ濉旂瓑宸ョ▼椤圭洰鎴愬姛瀹炵幇4D鏂藉伐鍔ㄦ侀泦鎴愮鐞嗭紝骞惰幏2009骞淬2010骞村崕澶忓缓璁剧瀛︽妧鏈竴绛夊銆備笂娴蜂腑蹇冮」鐩伐绋嬫绘壙鍖呮嫑鏍囷紝鏄庣‘瑕佹眰搴旂敤BIM鎶鏈傝繖浜涘ぇ鍨嬪伐绋嬮」鐩BIM鐨勫簲鐢ㄤ笌鎺ㄥ箍锛屽紩璧蜂簡涓氫富銆佽璁°佹柦宸ョ瓑浼佷笟鐨勯珮搴﹀叧娉紝鍥犳蹇呭皢鎺ㄥ姩BIM鎶鏈湪鎴戝浗寤虹瓚涓氱殑鍙戝睍鍜屽簲鐢ㄣ
鍏充簬IFC(寤虹瓚涓氬浗闄呭伐涓氭爣鍑)鐨勭爺绌
寤虹瓚瀵硅薄鐨勫伐涓氬熀纭绫(Industry Foundation Class鈥斺擨FC)鏁版嵁妯″瀷鏍囧噯鏄敱鍥介檯鍗忓悓鑱旂洘(International Alliance for Ineteroperability鈥斺擨AI)鍦1995骞存彁鍑虹殑璇ユ爣鍑嗭紝璇ユ爣鍑嗘槸涓轰簡淇冩垚寤虹瓚涓氫腑涓嶅悓涓撲笟锛屼互鍙婂悓涓涓撲笟涓殑涓嶅悓杞欢鍙叡浜悓涓鏁版嵁婧愶紝浠庤岃揪鍒版暟鎹叡浜強浜や簰銆傜洰鍓嶄笉鍚岃蒋浠剁殑淇℃伅鍏变韩涓庤皟鐢ㄤ富瑕佺敱浜哄伐瀹屾垚锛岃В鍐充俊鎭叡浜笌璋冪敤闂鐨勫叧閿湪浜庢爣鍑嗐傛湁浜嗙粺涓鐨勬爣鍑嗭紝涔熷氨鏈変簡绯荤粺涔嬮棿浜ゆ祦鐨勬ˉ姊佸拰绾藉甫锛屾暟鎹嚜鐒跺湪涓嶅悓绯荤粺涔嬮棿娴佽浆璧锋潵銆備綔涓築IM鏁版嵁鏍囧噯锛孖FC鍦ㄥ浗闄呬笂宸叉棩瓒嬫垚鐔熴傚湪姝ゅ熀纭涓婏紝缇庡浗鎻愬嚭浜哊BIMS鏍囧噯銆傛垜鍥藉缓绛戞爣鍑嗚璁$爺绌堕櫌鎻愬嚭浜嗛備簬寤虹瓚鐢熷懡鍛ㄦ湡鍚勪釜闃舵鍐呯殑淇℃伅浜ゆ崲鍙婂叡浜殑JG/T198-2007鏍囧噯锛岃鏍囧噯鍙傜収鍥介檯IFC鏍囧噯锛岃瀹氫簡寤虹瓚瀵硅薄鏁板瓧鍖栧畾涔夌殑涓鑸姹傦紝璧勬簮灞傘佹牳蹇冨眰鍙婁氦浜掑眰銆2008骞寸敱涓浗寤虹瓚绉戝鐮旂┒闄佷腑鍥芥爣鍑嗗寲鐮旂┒闄㈢瓑鍗曚綅鍏卞悓璧疯崏浜嗗伐涓氬熀纭绫诲钩鍙拌鑼(鍥藉鎸囧鎬ф妧鏈枃浠)銆傛鏍囧噯鐩稿浜嶪FC鍦ㄦ妧鏈拰鍐呭涓婁繚鎸佷竴鑷达紝骞舵牴鎹垜鍥藉浗瀹舵爣鍑嗗埗瀹氱浉鍏宠姹傦紝鏃ㄥ湪灏嗗叾杞崲鎴愬浗瀹舵爣鍑嗐
娓呭崕澶у杞欢瀛﹂櫌鍦ㄦ鐗瑰厠涓浗鐮旂┒闄(ACRD)鐨勬敮鎸佷笅寮灞曚腑鍥紹IM鏍囧噯鐨勭爺绌讹紝BIM鏍囧噯鐮旂┒璇鹃缁勪簬2009骞3鏈堟寮忓惎鍔紝鏃ㄥ湪瀹屾垚涓浗寤虹瓚淇℃伅妯″瀷鏍囧噯(鍗矯BIMS锛孋hina Building Information Modeling Standard)鐨勭爺绌躲傚悓鏃讹紝涓鸿繘涓姝ュ紑灞曚腑鍥藉缓绛戜俊鎭ā鍨嬫爣鍑嗙殑瀹炶瘉鐮旂┒锛屾竻鍗庡ぇ瀛﹁蒋浠跺闄笌CCDI闆嗗洟绛剧讲BIM鐮旂┒鎴樼暐鍚堜綔鍗忚锛孋CDI闆嗗洟鎴愪负鈥滄竻鍗庡ぇ瀛﹁蒋浠跺闄IM璇鹃鐮旂┒瀹炶瘉鍩哄湴鈥濄傞┈鏅轰寒鏁欐巿绛夊姣斾簡IFC鏍囧噯鍜岀幇琛岀殑鎴愭湰棰勭畻鏂规硶鍙婃爣鍑嗭紝涓篒FC鏍囧噯鍦ㄦ垜鍥芥垚鏈绠椾腑鐨勫簲鐢ㄦ彁鍑轰簡鐩稿簲鐨勮В鍐虫柟妗堛傞倱闆師绛夌爺绌朵簡璁捐鍚勪笓涓氫箣闂翠俊鎭殑浜掔敤闂锛屽苟浠FC鏍囧噯涓哄熀纭锛屾彁鍑轰簡鍙互灏嗗缓绛戞ā鍨嬩笌缁撴瀯妯″瀷寰堝ソ鐨勭粨鍚堢殑鍩烘湰鏂规硶銆傚紶鏅撹彶绛夊湪闃愯堪IFC鏍囧噯鐨勫熀纭涓婏紝閲嶇偣寮鸿皟浜咺FC鏍囧噯鍦ㄥ熀浜嶣IM鐨勪笉鍚岃蒋浠剁郴缁熶箣闂翠俊鎭紶缁熶腑鍙戞尌浜嗛噸瑕佷綔鐢紝鎸囧嚭IFC鏍囧噯鏈夋晥鍦板疄鐜颁簡寤虹瓚涓氫笉鍚屽簲鐢ㄧ郴缁熶箣闂寸殑鏁版嵁浜ゆ崲鍜屽缓绛戠墿鐢熷懡鍛ㄦ湡绠$悊銆2012骞达紝浣忔埧鍩庝埂寤鸿閮ㄦ壒鍑嗙珛椤圭殑鍥藉鏍囧噯銆婂缓绛戝伐绋嬩俊鎭ā鍨嬪簲鐢ㄧ粺涓鏍囧噯銆(NBIMS-CHN)锛屾棬鍦ㄦ帹杩涙垜鍥藉缓绛戝伐绋嬮鍩熼噸澶ф妧鏈繘姝ワ紝涓哄疄鐜颁腑鍥借嚜涓荤煡璇嗕骇鏉冪殑BIM绯荤粺宸ョ▼濂犲畾鍧氬疄鍩虹銆
缁间笂鎵杩帮紝鐩墠鎴戝浗寮曡繘浜咺FC鏍囧噯鐨勫钩鍙伴儴鍒嗭紝骞剁粨鍚堟垜鍥借鑼冭繘琛屼簡涓瀹氱▼搴︾殑鏈湡鍖栵紝瀵逛簬IFC鏍囧噯鎺㈣鍜岀爺绌跺凡缁忓彇寰楀垵姝ユ垚鏋滐紝浣嗙粨鍚堟垜鍥藉缓绛戝伐绋嬪疄闄呭鏍囧噯杩涜鎷撳睍鐨勫伐浣滅浉瀵圭己涔忋傚洜姝や笅涓姝ョ爺绌跺伐浣滆閲嶇偣閽堝鎴戝浗寤鸿棰嗗煙鐨勫叿浣撳疄闄呮儏鍐碉紝寮灞曟湁鍏矪IM鏁版嵁鏍囧噯鏇存繁鍏ョ殑鐮旂┒銆
鍏充簬BIM杞欢鐨勭爺绌
涓庣洰鍓嶆櫘鍙婂簲鐢ㄧ殑CAD鎶鏈瘮杈冿紝BIM涓竴涓潪甯哥獊鍑虹殑鐗圭偣灏辨槸锛欱IM涓嶆槸涓涓蒋浠惰兘瀹屾垚鐨勫伐浣溿傜洰鍓嶏紝鍥藉涓绘祦BIM璁捐杞欢鏈堿utodesk Revit绯诲垪銆丅enetly Building绯诲垪锛屼互鍙奊raphsoft鐨凙rchiCAD绛夛紝浠ヨ繖浜涜蒋浠朵负鏍稿績鐨凚IM骞冲彴鍧囦负寮鏀剧殑锛屾湁寰堝己澶х殑浜屾寮鍙戠鍙o紝璁╁緢澶氫笓涓氫汉鍛樿兘澶熸牴鎹疄闄呴渶姹傝繘琛屼簩娆″紑鍙戙傝櫧鐒跺浗澶栫殑杩欎簺杞欢宸茶繘鍏ユ垜鍥藉競鍦猴紝浣嗘槸鐩墠杩樹笉鑳藉緢濂藉湴婊¤冻鎴戝浗瑙勮寖瑕佹眰锛岃岃繖浜涜蒋浠舵槸BIM鎶鏈帹骞跨殑鍩虹锛屽彟澶栵紝鎴戝浗瑕佽嚜涓荤爺鍙態IM搴旂敤杞欢銆傚叾瀹炲湪鐩墠鏉ヨ锛屾垜鍥藉缓璁惧伐绋嬪悇闃舵鍏锋湁寰堝ソ鐨勫簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠跺熀纭锛屼竴鎵逛笓涓氬簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠跺凡鍏锋湁杈冮珮鐨勫競鍦鸿鐩栫巼锛屽彲浠ュ熀浜庤繖浜涜蒋浠剁殑绯荤粺鏋舵瀯銆佷笓涓氬姛鑳姐佹爣鍑嗗拰瑙勮寖闆嗘垚鍔熻兘銆佹搷浣滀範鎯強甯傚満鏍煎眬绛夛紝鎻愬崌瀹冧滑鐨凚IM鑳藉姏鍜屼笓涓氬姛鑳斤紝骞惰В鍐冲悇杞欢闂翠俊鎭氦浜掓ч棶棰橈紝鍗冲彲鎴愪负鎴戝浗鑷富鐭ヨ瘑浜ф潈鐨勪笓涓欱IM杞欢銆
鍥犳锛屽湪鍥藉鈥滃崄涓浜斺濈殑绉戞妧鏀拺璁″垝涓紑灞曚簡瀵逛簬BIM鎶鏈殑杩涗竴姝ョ爺绌讹紝娓呭崕澶у銆佷腑鍥藉缓绛戠瀛︾爺绌堕櫌銆佸寳浜埅绌鸿埅澶╁ぇ瀛﹀叡鍚屾壙鎺ョ殑鈥滃熀浜嶣IM鎶鏈殑涓嬩竴浠e缓绛戝伐绋嬪簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁爺绌垛濋」鐩洰鏍囨槸灏咮IM鎶鏈拰IFC鏍囧噯搴旂敤浜庡缓绛戣璁°佹垚鏈娴嬨佸缓绛戣妭鑳姐佹柦宸ヤ紭鍖栥佸畨鍏ㄥ垎鏋愩佽愪箙鎬ц瘎浼般佷俊鎭祫婧愬埄鐢ㄧ瓑7涓柟闈傚淇婄瓑鍦ㄩ槓杩癇IM鎶鏈紭鍔跨殑鍩虹涓婏紝鐮旂┒浜嗛挗缁撴瀯BIM涓夌淮鍙鍖栦俊鎭佸埗閫犱笟淇℃伅鍙婂垎鏋愪俊鎭殑闆嗘垚鎶鏈紝骞跺湪Autodesk骞冲彴涓婏紝閫夌敤ObjectARX鎶鏈紑鍙戜簡鍩轰簬涓婅堪淇℃伅鐨勮交閽㈠巶鎴块挗鏋勩侀噸閽㈠巶鎴跨粨鏋勫強澶氶珮灞傞挗妗嗘灦缁撴瀯BIM杞欢锛屽疄鐜颁簡BIM涓庤交銆侀噸閽㈠巶鎴垮拰楂樺眰閽㈢粨鏋勫伐绋嬬殑鍚勪釜闃舵鐨勬暟鎹帴鍙c傚垬鐓х悆绛夋瀯寤轰簡涓绉嶄富瑕佹兜鐩栧缓绛戝拰缁撴瀯璁捐闃舵鐨勪俊鎭ā鍨嬮泦鎴愭鏋朵綋绯伙紝璇ヤ綋绯诲彲鍒濇瀹炵幇寤虹瓚銆佺粨鏋勬ā鍨嬩俊鎭殑闆嗘垚锛屼负鐮斿彂鍩轰簬BIM鎶鏈殑涓嬩竴浠e缓绛戝伐绋嬭蒋浠剁郴缁熷瀹氫簡鎶鏈熀纭銆傞┈鏅轰寒娣卞叆鍒嗘瀽浜嗗浗鍐呭鐜拌寤虹瓚宸ョ▼棰勭畻杞欢鐨勭幇鐘讹紝骞跺熀浜嶣IM鎶鏈彁鍑轰簡鎴戝浗涓嬩竴浠e缓绛戝伐绋嬮绠楄蒋浠舵鏋躲傞┈鏅轰寒绛夎繕寤虹珛浜嗗熀浜嶪FC鏍囧噯鍜孖DF鏍煎紡鐨勫缓绛戣妭鑳借璁′俊鎭ā鍨嬶紝鐒跺悗鍩轰簬璇ユā鍨嬶紝寤虹珛骞跺疄鐜颁簡鐢辫妭鑳借璁FC鏁版嵁鐢熸垚IDF鏁版嵁鐨勮浆鎹㈡満鍒躲傝杞崲鏈哄埗涓哄紑鍙戝熀浜嶣IM鐨勬垜鍥藉缓绛戣妭鑳借璁¤蒋浠跺瀹氫簡鍩虹銆傞┈鏅轰寒鐮旂┒缁勫缓绔嬩簡涓嬩竴浠e缓绛戣妭鑳借璁¤蒋浠剁殑鎬讳綋妗嗘灦妯″瀷骞惰繘琛岀郴缁熷紑鍙戙傞檰瀹佸缓绔嬩簡鏂藉伐浼佷笟淇℃伅璧勬簮鍒╃敤姒傚康妗嗘灦锛屽缓绔嬩簡鍩轰簬IFC鏍囧噯鐨勪俊鎭祫婧愭ā鍨嬪苟鎴愬姛灏咺FC鏁版嵁鏄犲皠褰㈡垚淇℃伅璧勬簮锛屾渶鍚庤璁″紑鍙戜簡鏂藉伐浼佷笟淇℃伅璧勬簮鍒╃敤绯荤粺InfoReuse銆傞瓘鎸崕銆侀┈鏅轰寒鍦–++璇█寮鍙戠幆澧冧笅锛岀爺鍒朵簡涓绉嶅彲浠ョ伒娲昏繍鐢˙IM杞欢寮鍙戠殑涓夌淮鍥惧舰浜や簰妯″潡3DGI锛屽苟杩涜浜嗗疄闄呭簲鐢ㄣ傛浘鏃笢鏁欐巿鐮旂┒浜咮IM鎶鏈湪寤虹瓚鑺傝兘璁捐棰嗗煙鐨勫簲鐢紝鎻愬嚭灏咮IM鎶鏈笌寤虹瓚鑳借楀垎鏋愯蒋浠剁粨鍚堣繘琛岃璁$殑鏂版柟娉曘傜帇鐞崇瓑閫氳繃缁撳悎BIM鎶鏈拰鎴愮啛鐨勯潰鍚戝璞″缓绛戣璁¤蒋浠禔BD锛岀爺绌朵簡鏋勫缓鍩轰簬BIM鎶鏈负鐗瑰緛鐨勪笅涓浠e缓绛戝伐绋嬪簲鐢ㄨ蒋浠剁瓑鎶鏈傚紶闆风瓑鍒╃敤涓夌淮鏁版嵁淇℃伅鍙鍖栨妧鏈疄鐜颁簡浠ャ婄豢鑹插缓绛戣瘎浠锋爣鍑嗐嬩负鍩虹鐨勭豢鑹茶瘎浠峰姛鑳姐傚紶鏄嗕粠寤虹瓚杞欢寮鍙戠殑瑙掑害瀵笲IM杞欢鐨勯泦鎴愭柟妗堣繘琛屽垵姝ョ爺绌讹紝浠庢帴鍙i泦鎴愬拰绯荤粺闆嗘垚涓ゅぇ鏂归潰鎬荤粨浜咮IM杞欢闆嗘垚鎵瑕侀潰涓寸殑闂銆傞珮姘稿垰绛夌爺绌朵簡鍩轰簬BIM鐨勫彲瑙嗗寲鎶鏈紝骞跺簲鐢ㄤ簬瀹為檯宸ョ▼涓傚彾鑻卞崕銆佸垇娉㈠皢BIM鎶鏈簲鐢ㄤ簬娣峰嚌鍦熸埅闈㈡椂鏁堥潪绾挎у垎鏋愪腑锛屽紑鍙戜簡鍩轰簬BIM鎶鏈殑娣峰嚌鍦熸埅闈㈡椂鏁堥潪绾挎у垎鏋愯蒋浠剁郴缁(Non-Linear Analysis System锛孨LAS)銆
娓呭崕澶у鍦熸湪宸ョ▼绯绘暀鎺堝紶寤哄钩棰嗗鐨勮棰樼粍鐩墠姝d笓娉ㄤ簬4D鐮旂┒锛岃璇鹃缁勪粠1991骞村紑濮嬪氨鑷村姏浜庡缓绛戞柦宸ヨ繘搴︿笌鍦哄湴甯冪疆涓夌淮鍙鍖栨ā鎷熷拰鍔ㄦ佺鐞嗘柟闈㈢殑鐮旂┒锛1995骞达紝璇ヨ棰樼粍鐮斿彂鎴愬姛浜嗙敤浜庡灞傚缓绛戞柦宸ヨ繘搴︿笌鍦哄湴鍒╃敤鐨勪綋鐜4D鐨勬蹇电殑GCPSU绯荤粺锛2000骞磋璇鹃缁勭帇鍊╁熀浜嶨CPSU绯荤粺鎻愬嚭浜嗗彲浠ュ皢鏂藉伐瀵硅薄銆佸満鍦颁笁缁存ā鍨嬨丳roject杩涘害绠$悊閾炬帴璧锋潵鐨4D鏂藉伐绠$悊妯″瀷4DSMM锛2002骞达紝璇ヨ棰樼粍鐜嬫椽閽ф彁鍑轰簡涓涓墿灞曠殑4D鏂藉伐绠$悊妯″瀷4DSMM++(4D Site Management Model++)銆2002骞翠箣鍚庯紝缁忚繃鐮旂┒鐨勪笉鏂繁鍏ュ拰瀹屽杽锛4D鏂藉伐绠$悊绯荤粺涓嶄絾搴旂敤鍒颁簡瀹為檯涓紝涓旇揪鍒颁簡鍥介檯鍏堣繘姘村钩銆2003骞12鏈堬紝鍩轰簬4DSM++寮鍙戠殑寤虹瓚鏂藉伐4D椤圭洰绠$悊绯荤粺4D-GCPSU搴旂敤浜庡寳浜ゥ杩愪細鍥藉浣撹偛鍦哄伐绋嬫姇鍏ヤ娇鐢ㄣ2005骞村紑鍙戝嚭浜嗏滃缓绛戝伐绋4D鏂藉伐绠$悊绯荤粺鈥濓紝瀹炵幇浜嗙粺涓銆佹湁鏁堢殑鏂藉伐绠$悊鏁版嵁鐨勯泦鎴愬寲绠$悊銆2009骞村紶寤哄钩绛夐氳繃寮曞叆4D淇℃伅妯″瀷浠ユ彁渚涚粺涓鐨勪俊鎭钩鍙扮幆澧冨苟瑙e喅鐩稿簲鐨勫叧閿妧鏈棶棰橈紝鎻愬嚭浜嗛拡瀵瑰綋鍓嶇姸鎬佺殑闈欐侀璀︽満鍒跺拰鍩轰簬瓒嬪娍棰勬祴鐨勫姩鎬侀璀︽満鍒躲傚紶寤哄钩绛変汉杩樺闈㈠悜寤虹瓚鍏ㄧ敓鍛藉懆鏈熺殑闆嗘垚BIM寤烘ā鎶鏈繘琛屼簡鐮旂┒銆傚紑鍙戜簡BIM鏁版嵁闆嗘垚涓庢湇鍔″钩鍙(BIM Date Integration and Server Platform锛孊IMDISP)锛屾彁鍑轰簡闆嗘垚4D鎶鏈拰杩囩▼妯℃嫙鐨勫缓绛戞柦宸ヨ鍒掔鐞嗗強浼樺寲鏂规硶锛屽紑鍙戜簡鐩稿簲鐨勯泦鎴愮郴缁熴侭IM鎶鏈湪鐗╀笟绠$悊闃舵鐨勫簲鐢ㄧ爺绌朵篃宸茶捣姝ワ紝寮犲缓骞崇瓑浜哄紑鍙戝嚭涓绉嶅熀浜嶪FC鏍囧噯鐨勫缓绛戠墿涓氫俊鎭ā鍨嬪拰IFC鏁版嵁浜ゆ崲鎺ュ彛锛屽缓绔嬫櫤鑳界墿涓氱鐞嗙郴缁燂紝瀹炵幇鏅鸿兘鍖栫殑鐗╀笟绠$悊鍔熻兘銆傚悓鏃讹紝鍥藉唴涓浜涜蒋浠跺紑鍙戝晢濡傚ぉ姝c佸箍鑱旇揪銆侀瞾鐝蒋浠躲佺悊姝c侀缚涓氥佸崥瓒呯瓑涔熼兘鍙備笌浜咮IM杞欢鐮旂┒锛屽苟瀵笲IM鎶鏈湪鎴戝浗鐨勬帹骞夸綔鍑轰簡璐$尞銆
鐢辨鍙锛孊IM杞欢鍦ㄦ垜鍥芥湰鍦熺殑鐮斿彂鍜屽簲鐢ㄤ篃宸插垵瑙佹垚鏁堬紝鍦ㄥ缓绛戣璁°佷笁缁村彲瑙嗗寲銆佹垚鏈娴嬨佽妭鑳借璁°佹柦宸ョ鐞嗗強浼樺寲銆佹ц兘娴嬭瘯涓庤瘎浼般佷俊鎭祫婧愬埄鐢ㄧ瓑鏂归潰閮藉彇寰椾簡涓瀹氱殑鎴愭灉銆備絾鏄紝姝e缇庡浗buildingSMART鑱旂洘涓诲腑Dana K. Smith鍏堢敓鎵璇达細鈥滀緷闈犱竴涓蒋浠惰В鍐虫墍鏈夐棶棰樼殑鏃朵唬宸茬粡涓鍘讳笉澶嶈繑浜嗐傗滲IM鏄竴绉嶆垚濂楃殑鎶鏈綋绯伙紝BIM鐩稿叧杞欢涔熻闆嗘垚寤鸿椤圭洰鐨勬墍鏈変俊鎭紝瀵瑰缓璁鹃」鐩悇涓樁娈电殑瀹炴柦杩涜寤烘ā銆佸垎鏋愩侀娴嬪強鎸囧锛屼粠鑰屽皢搴旂敤BIM鎶鏈殑鏁堢泭鏈澶у寲銆 锛堟潵婧愶細寤虹瓚鏃舵姤锛

鐗堟潈鎵鏈 浜戝崡宸ョ▼寤鸿鎬绘壙鍖呰偂浠芥湁闄愬叕鍙 Copyright 漏 2007 www.ynsbj.com All rights reserved.
鍦板潃:浜戝崡鐪佹槅鏄庡競缁忔祹鎶鏈紑鍙戝尯绾㈡灚璺5鍙
閭紪:650011 鐢佃瘽:0871-63510162 鐢靛瓙閭:zcbdwgzb@126.com<